RESOURCES

Community-based surveillance

CBS Guiding principles

The IFRC CBS Guiding principles builds on the experience and lessons from implementing CBS across the world, supporting communities to play an essential role in their own health security and contributing to improved resilience of those most at risk.
CBS Guiding principles at media.IFRC.org

CBS Guidance for COVID-19

The guidance document has been developed to assist National Societies in deciding if and how they may wish to include community-based surveillance in their preparedness and response plan for COVID-19.
Community-based surveillance (CBS) for COVID-19 (EN)Vigilancia basada en la comunidad para la COVID-19 (SP)Surveillance à base communautaire du COVID-19 (FR)(املراقبة اجملمتعي ة للعدوى بفريوس كوروان املس تجد (كوفي د-19 (AR)

Public Health ERU CBS Handbook

The handbook intends to be a guideline for understanding a PH ERU CBS, for National Societies that want to build a PH ERU CBS capacity.
Public Health ERU CBS Handbook.pdf

Nyss - a community-based surveillance platform

Nyss Manual

The manual for all users of Nyss. Covers setup, user overview, all functionalities and more. You can always find the latest, most up-to-date version here.
Nyss User Manual.pdf

Nyss One Pager

A quick overview of Nyss; its uses, functionalities and technology.
Nyss One Pager EN.pdf

Data privacy

Data Protection Impact Assessment

Data Protection Impact Assessment conducted by Norwegian Red Cross in collaboration with Vrije Universiteit Brussel, to assess and improve data protection in Nyss.
Data Protection Impact Assessment.pdf

Platform Agreement

The Nyss platform agreement defines the responsibilities related to data protection between Norwegian Red Cross (as hosting Nyss) and National Societies (as implementing partners).
Platform Agreement.pdfConvention d’utilisation de la plate-forme Nyss.pdf

Gap Analysis

Gap analysis on the Senegalese Data Protection Law and the General Data Protection Regulation
Gap Analysis.pdf

Training materials

TRaining of trainers

Start here: Manual & Agenda

The manual and agenda are aimed at Red Cross Red Crescent facilitators or Public Health Emergency Response Unit (PH ERU) CBS delegates who will organize and conduct Training of Trainers (ToT) on CBS in emergency settings. It will support the responsible individuals within the National Societies to clarify what CBS is, how it could be used in their context, and how to teach this knowledge to others.
ToT Manual.pdfToT Suggested Agenda.xlsToT Examples for Training.pdf

Day 2: Presentations

Below are all the presentations that can be used the second day of Training of Trainers. Please refer to the manual for how to use the presentations.
Session 7: Welcome.pptSession 8: Introduction to CBS and Nyss.pptSession 9: Data Collection and Protection.pptSession 10: Nyss Training Guide.pptSession 11: Nyss Tasks.pptSession 12: Recap.ppt

Day 2: Printouts

Below are all the printouts that can be used the second day of Training of Trainers. Please refer to the manual for how to use the printouts.
Session 8: Why Communication Matters.pdfSession 11: Nyss Tasks.pdf

Day 3: Presentations

Below are all the presentations that can be used the third day of Training of Trainers. Please refer to the manual for how to use the presentations.
Session 13: Welcome.pptSession 14: Disease Control Actions.pptSession 15: Cases for the Role as Supervisor and Facilitator.pptSession 16: Teaching Session.pptSession 17: Recap and a Way Forward.ppt

Day 3: Printouts

Below are all the printouts that can be used the third day of Training of Trainers. Please refer to the manual for how to use the printouts.
Session 14: ECV Action Tools.pdfSession 17: Evaluation Example.doc
Training of volunteers

Start here: Agenda & Manual

The manual and agenda are aimed at Red Cross Red Crescent facilitators who will organize and conduct Training of Volunteers (ToV) on CBS in emergency settings. It will support the responsible individuals within the National Societies to clarify what CBS is, how it could be used in their context, and how to teach this knowledge to others.
ToV Manual.pdfToV Suggested Agenda.xlsToV Examples for Training.pdf

Day 2: Presentations

Below are all the presentations that can be used the second day of Training of Volunteers. Please refer to the manual for how to use the presentations.
Session 7: Welcome.pptSession 8: Data Collection and Protection.pptSession 9: Disease Control Actions.pptSession 10: Nyss.pptSession 11: Practice, Practice, Practice.pptSession 12: Recap and Way Forward.ppt

Day 2: Printouts

Below are all the printouts that can be used the second day of Training of Volunteers. Please refer to the manual for how to use the printouts.
Session 8: Why Communication Matters.pdfSession 9: ECV Action Tools.pdfSession 12: Example Evaluation Form.doc
NYSS TRAINING

Nyss Training Guide

This presentation can be used when training new users of Nyss.
Nyss Training Guide.ppt

Publications & Infographics

Publications

A community-centred approach to global health security: implementation experience of community-based surveillance (CBS) for epidemic preparedness

Communities have a key role to play in global health security. The Red Cross/Red Crescent epidemic preparedness programme empowers volunteers and communities to: identify risks; recognise and notify epidemic alerts; take early action to control disease. The programme set out to establish community-based surveillance (CBS) as a preparedness model – yielding earlier detection and action to halt outbreaks at the outset. This paper reports on the mid-stage CBS implementation experience and results in Indonesia, Kenya, Sierra Leone and Uganda.
Abbey Byrne & Bronwyn Nichol (2020), Global Security: Health, Science and Policy, 5:1, 71-84, DOI: 10.1080/23779497.2020.1819854
Link to article on tandfonline.com

Red Cross volunteers’ experience with a mobile community event-based surveillance (CEBS) system in Sierra Leone during, and after, the Ebola outbreak - A qualitative study

The objective of this study was to explore the volunteers’ experiences with and perspectives on the community event-based surveillance system in Sierra Leone.
Larsen TM, Mburu CB, Kongelf A, Tingberg T, Sannoh F (2017) Health Prim Car 1: DOI: 10.15761/HPC.1000114
Link to article at oatext.com

A definition for community-based surveillance and a way forward

Results of the WHO global technical meeting, France, 26 to 28 June 2018.
Link to the article at ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

INFOGRAPHICS

First COVID-19 case in Somaliland

The first COVID-19 case in Somaliland was discovered through the use of CBS and Nyss.
First COVID-19 case in Somaliland.png

Alert Triggering Response to E. Coli Outbreak in Somaliland

An earlier version of Nyss triggered an alert and response in Togdheer region, Somaliland, March 2019.
Alert Triggering Response to E. Coli Outbreak in Somaliland.pdf

Alert Triggering Rapid Response to Scarlet Fever Outbreak

An earlier version of Nyss triggered an alert and response in Togdheer region, Somaliland, November 2018.
Alert Triggering Rapid Response to Scarlet Fever Outbreak.pdf